What is a Domain Name?

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What is a domain name

If you want to build a website on the Internet you are going to need web hosting and you need to buy and register a domain name. So What is a domain name?

A domain name is your website name (e.g. www.yourwebsite.com. A domain name is the address where Internet users can access your website. A domain name is also used for finding and identifying computers on the Internet. Computers use IP addresses, which are a series of numbers. However, it is difficult for humans to remember large strings of numbers so domain names were developed and used to identify entities on the Internet rather than using IP addresses.

A domain name can be any combination of letters and numbers, and it can be used in combination of the various domain name extensions, such as .com, .net and more.

The domain name must be registered before you can use it. Every domain name is unique. No two websites can have the same domain name. If someone types in www.yourdomain.com, it will go to your website and no one else’s.

Why you need a Domain Name?

On the Internet, your domain name is your unique identity. Any individual, business or organization planning to have an Internet presence should invest in a domain name. Having your own domain name, website and email addresses will give you and your business a more professional look. Another reason for a business to register a domain name is to protect copyrights and trademarks, build credibility, increase brand awareness, and search engine positioning.

What are Free Domain Names?

Some web hosts offer free domain names, however, the domain names reflects the host. For example, [yourname.webhost.com]. A domain name in this format is also known as a subdomain. Although the domain is free and functional on the Internet, it has its limitations:
  • Most search engines do not accept subdomains from free web hosting providers.
  • It is not easy for your visitors to find your website, as now they need to remember your website name as well as your host’s URL.
  • You will not be able to transfer the subdomain to another web host.
Some web hosting providers like Bluehost.com offer free domain name registration for one year if you choose to use them to host your website.

What is the ICANN Fee?

ICANN (the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers) charges a mandatory annual fee of $0.18 for each year of domain registration, renewal or transfer. For example, In most cases the fee for a one-year .com domain registration will be $0.18 while it is $0.36 for a two-year .com domain registration.

ICANN was formed in 1998. It is a not-for-profit partnership of people from all over the world dedicated to keeping the Internet secure, stable and interoperable. It promotes competition and develops policy on the Internet’s unique identifiers.

ICANN doesn’t control content on the Internet. It cannot stop spam and it doesn’t deal with access to the Internet. But through its coordination role of the Internet’s naming system, it does have an important impact on the expansion and evolution of the Internet.

What are IDN Domain Names?

IDN are domain names that are written in foreign languages, like Chinese, Japanese or Russian. IDN stands for Internationalized Domain Names. IDN domain names allow people from all over the world to communicate websites, domain names and URLs in their native languages.

Most domain names registered to date are written using the 26-character Latin/English alphabets and numbers, an encoding called ASCII. IDN allows for the use of non ASCII characters in domain names. When an IDN is registered, the foreign characters are encoded in Punycode using a number of algorithms. Punycode is simply an ASCII version for the IDN, allowing it to resolve with the current internet system.

Punycode domains can be identified by the “xn-” beginning.

What is WHOIS?

Whois is an Internet database that contains information on domain names, including the name servers associated with the domain name, the domain registrar, registrant and the domain’s Administrative and Technical contacts. By performing a WHOIS search, you can find out when and by whom a domain was registered, their contact information, where the website is hosted, when the domain expires, and more.

A Whois tool is also a tool that searches the domain name information contained in WHOIS databases. It is generally used to check the availability or ownership of a domain name.

Whois records have proven to be extremely useful and have developed into an essential resource for maintaining the integrity of the domain name registration and website ownership process.

How to Buy a Domain Name?

Now that you know What is a domain name, now discover how to buy a domain name and the best place to purchase one for your business.

 

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